|Format:||Live action television series|
|Created by:|| Bob Kane (characters)|
William Dozier (series)
|No. of Series:||3|
|No. of Episodes:||120 (List of Episodes)|
|Duration of Episodes:||30 mins|
|Starring:|| Adam West|
Batman was a thirty-minute prime time, live action television series broadcast by the ABC Network between 1966 and 1968. Premiering on January 12, the series featured actor Adam West as the perennial character of Batman, while Burt Ward donned nylon stockings and fairy boots for his portrayal of the erstwhile sidekick, Robin.
The show was noteworthy for its memorable use of onomatopoeia during climactic fight scenes. The show proved popular to many fans, and transformed Adam and Burt into modern pop culture icons.
When not fighting crime as Batman and Robin, the Dynamic Duo were often found at Wayne manor in their respective identities as Bruce Wayne and his "youthful ward", Dick Grayson. Living alongside them in the vast mansion, was doddering old Aunt Harriet (a character exclusive to the television series), and their mild-mannered butler, Alfred. Alfred possessed the good fortune of being the only other person to know Batman and Robin's secret identities.
Unlike the earlier movie serials of the 1940s, this was the first Batman project to feature Batman's rogues gallery of villains. Cesar Romero made numerous appearances as the Joker, while Burgess Meredith reinvented the image of the Penguin, with his crooked smile and trademark "Squawk". Julie Newmar provided Catwoman's rolling "R"s, only to be replaced later by Lee Meriwether for the 1966 movie, and again by Eartha Kitt. Two men provided their talents to the role of the Riddler - Frank Gorshin and John Astin.
In addition to the fantastic sets and costumes was the first introduction of the Batmobile, Batcycle, Batboat, and the Batcopter. The Batmobile donor car was a 1955 Lincoln Futura that George Barris customized in only three weeks. Two Batcycles appeared on the show; the first was a barely modified Harley Davidson, and the second was a highly modified Yamaha. The Batboat was built by Glastron.
By season three, declining ratings prompted the introduction of a third partner to the Bat Family, Barbara Gordon – aka Batgirl (played by Yvonne Craig). Although Batgirl was a popular character, her presence could not save the series, and it was canceled in 1968.
In 2013, the show was continued with a comic series called Batman '66.
- Adam West as Batman/Bruce Wayne
- Burt Ward as Robin/Dick Grayson
- Alan Napier as Alfred Pennyworth
- Neil Hamilton as Commissioner James Gordon
- Stafford Repp as Chief Clancy O'Hara
- Madge Blake as Aunt Harriet Cooper
- Yvonne Craig as Batgirl/Barbara Gordon (Season 3 only)
Batwoman - Kathy Kane makes appearance in Batman '66, where she is seen going on a date with Bruce. When Siren is taking down Batman, who is hallucinating, Kathy takes her down. Despite never officially becoming Batwoman, while Batman's hallucinating, he sees her in her Batwoman costume.
Batbot - In Batman '66, Batman creates a Batbot to temporarily take his place.
Batman and Robin often confronted four main villains in a lot of episodes all of which were from the comics. Two of them were also played by different actors.
Main Recurring Comic Book Villains
- The Joker (Cesar Romero) - 19 Episodes with a cameo appearance and the 1966 movie.
- The Penguin (Burgess Meredith) - 19 Episodes with a cameo appearance and the 1966 movie.
- The Riddler (Frank Gorshin and John Astin) - 11 Episodes with a cameo appearance and the 1966 movie.
- Catwoman (Julie Newmar, Lee Meriwether, and Eartha Kitt) - 15 Episodes with two cameo appearances and the 1966 movie.
Other villains were used from DC Comics, while others were created just for the show:
Comic Book Villains
- The Mad Hatter (David Wayne) - Based on the Imposter Mad Hatter; featured in 4 Episodes.
- False Face (Malachi Throne) - Based on an obscure, one-time comic villain; featured in 2 Episodes. Following his appearance, he became more popular. Despite only fighting Batman once in the show, he is a recurring character in Batman '66.
- Mr. Freeze (George Sanders, Otto Preminger, and Eli Wallach) - Featured in 6 Episodes. He is very different from the way he is in the comics.
- Killer Moth - He only appeared in the Season 3 Pilot, in which he is the first villain Batgirl fought. In Batman '66, Joker makes a joke about Batman beating up Killer Moth, confirming that despite only appearing in the Season 3 Pilot, he actually is a recurring enemy of Batman. He looks extremely different from his comic appearance.
- The Puzzler (Maurice Evans) - Based on a former Superman foe; featured in 2 Episodes.
- The Clock King (Walter Slezak) - Based on a former Green Arrow foe who fought the JLA; Featured in 2 Episodes.
- The Archer (Art Cartney) - Based on a minor Superman rogue; featured in 2 Episodes.
Recurring show Villains
Some Villains that were created for the show made more than just one appearance:
- Egghead (Vincent Price) - 5 Episodes with a cameo appearance. He was one of the most popular villains on the show. He was based on Barney Barrows, a comic character Batman faced.
- King Tut (Victor Buono) - 8 Episodes with a cameo appearance. Out of all the villains made for the show, King Tut was the most popular. He was so popular that he was introduced into the comics too. Due to copyright issues, he was renamed Pharaoh.
- Shame (Cliff Robertson) - 4 Episodes.
- Marsha, Queen of Diamonds (Carolyn Jones) - 5 Episodes.
- Olga, Queen of Cossacks (Anne Baxter) - 3 Episodes.
- Lord Ffogg (Rudy Vallee) - 3 Episodes.
Other show Villains
These villains made one or two appearances:
- The Bookworm (Roddy McDowall) - 2 Episodes.
- Ma Parker (Shelley Winters) - 2 Episodes.
- The Minstrel (Van Johnson) - 2 Episodes.
- Black Widow (Tallulah Bankhead) - 2 Episodes.
- Zelda The Great (Anne Baxter)- 2 Episodes.
- Chandell (Liberace) - 2 Episodes
- The Sandman (Michael Rennie) - 2 Episodes
- Siren (Joan Collins) - 2 Episodes
- Louie the Lilac (Milton Berle) - 2 Episodes
- Lola Lasagne (Ethel Merman) - 2 Episodes
- Colonel Gumm (Roger C. Carmel) - 2 Episodes
- Nora Clavicle (Barbara Rush) - 1 Episode
- Dr. Cassandra Spellcraft (Ida Lupino) - 1 Episode
- Minerva (Zsa Zsa Gabor) - 1 Episode
Batman '66 Villains
Two-Face (Clint Eastwood) - Eastwood was cast to play Two-Face in 1968, however the show was cancelled before any appearances. Luckily, Two-Face will be the main villain of the upcoming "Batman '66: The Lost Episode". He might be a reporter instead of a DA.
Harley Quinn -Dr. Harleen Quinzel appears working at Arkham Asylum in "Joker Sees Red". Later on, in the eleventh issue, she is tricked into helping Joker and Catwoman. At the end of the issue, she saves Batman, although she becomes insane like the Joker. She is never officially called Harley Quinn.
Killer Croc - He has been confirmed to appear in the series. Unlike normally, instead of being a mutant, he will be a big guy with a mask.
Hugo Strange - Hugo Strange appears at the end of the eleventh issue. Due to Harleen Quinzel becoming insane, Hugo Strange takes her place. It is unknown if he will turn evil in the series, or if he will find out Batman's true identity.
Battle Sound Effects
As the fights progressed, as punches, kicks and blows with foreign objects were dealt to both villain and hero, all manner of sounds were emitted. Here is a list of said sounds:
In each Season, these words appeared differently:
- Season 1: Words appear with fight in the background
- Season 2: Words appear in coloured background
- Season 3: Words and background flash.
- Batman 66: all three from the other seasons happen, but mainly the first season.
The animated television series Batman: The Brave and the Bold is influenced by the 1960s television series. The opening credits feature Batman rope-climbing up a building, something that Adam West and Burt Ward often did in the show. Several villains from the 1960s show including King Tut, Egghead, Mad Hatter, Archer, Bookworm, False Face, Black Widow, Siren, Marsha Queen of Diamonds, Louie the Lilac, Ma Parker, and Shame make cameo appearances as prisoners at Iron Heights prison in the episode "Day of the Dark Knight!". They are all captured by Batman and Green Arrow during a mass escape attempt. The episode "Game Over for Owlman!" shows a room in the Batcave containing "souvenirs" of deathtraps that the Joker employed in the 1960s series, with accompanying flashbacks: the giant key from the "Human Key Duplicator" from "The Impractical Joker", the slot machine-controlled electric chair from "The Joker Goes to School", and the giant clam from "The Joker's Hard Times". The episode "The Color of Revenge!" begins with a flashback to the time of the 1960s television series, using attributes such as the red Batphone, the Shakespeare bust, the sliding bookcase, the Batpoles, Robin in his old television-series costume, and the shot of Batman and Robin fastening their seat belts in the Batmobile. Additionally, the Adam West Batman briefly appears in "Night of the Batmen!" as part of an army of Batmen gathered across the Multiverse.
A line spoken by Robin (Chris O'Donnell) in Batman Forever is a homage to the television Robin's catch-phrase exclamations that started "Holy" and sometimes ended "Batman!" - for instance "Holy bargain basements, Batman!" (from the television series' first season) and "Holy flypaper, Batman!" (from the television series' second season). During the movie, Robin says "Holy rusted metal, Batman!" after the duo climb onto twisted metal girders beside some water. This catchphrase also appeared for a time in "Batman" comic books.
In 2013, DC began publication of Batman '66, a comic book series telling all-new stories set in the world of the 1966-1968 TV series. Jeff Parker writes the series, which features cover art by Mike Allred and interior art by different artists each issue.
- For the first two seasons, Batman episodes were aired as two-part storylines, with the title of the second episode often rhyming with the title of the first episode.
- The Batman series was famous for showcasing various celebrity talents including: Edward G. Robinson, Jerry Lewis, Art Linkletter, Roddy McDowall, Milton Berle, Dick Clark, Steve Allen, Sammy Davis Jr., and many others.
- After the show was canceled by ABC in 1968, the producers thought they could bring it to another network. Yvonne Craig said this in an interview: "When we were cancelled by ABC, they wondered if we could get on another network. When it looked like we couldn't, they came with a bulldozer and bulldozed the whole set--The Batcave and all of that. Then, two weeks later, NBC said, 'Listen, we'd like to take a shot at Batman, if you still have the set'. They didn't want to start from scratch and build them because the set cost $800,000. So it was too late and nothing came of it." The delay doomed new episodes of the television show, but by 1969 stations were showing reruns of the television episodes, and continue to this day.
- This show will always be the one that welcomed Batman to television.
- In 2006, Deborah Dozier Potter, "the successor-in-interest to Greenway Productions" sued Fox for allegedly withholding monies under the Fox/ABC agreement. Dozier Potter further claimed that this came to her attention when, in March 2005, "she considered releasing the series on DVD", implying that (from her perspective at least) Greenway/Dozier Potter has some say in the matter of potentional DVD release of the series. The case was resolved/dismissed in November 2007, It was until in 2014, Conan O'Brien posted on his Twitter account, and later confirmed by Warner Bros., that Warner Bros. would release an official DVD box set of the complete series sometime in 2014.
- Even though George Barris built four Batmobiles, and later acquired a fifth that was built by a fan, there is only one occurrence during the entire series where a replica was used instead of the original #1 car, during a Mad Hatter episode, when the #4 dragster replica was used in the background in the Batcave while the #1 car was being repaired.
- There is an amusing reference to the series in Batman: Arkham City, when Batman is fighting off a group of thugs, one of them may say: "Badabadadadada, BATMAN!", a clear reference to the famous theme song of the series.
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