|Directed by:||Tim Burton|
|Produced by:|| Denise Di Novi|
|Written by:|| Characters:|
Bill Finger (uncredited)
Sam Hamm (credit only)
Wesley Strick (uncredited)
|Music by:||Danny Elfman|
|Release Date:||June 19, 1992|
|Next Film:||Batman Forever|
Batman Returns is a 1992 motion picture based on the Batman character created by Bob Kane and Bill Finger. It is the second Batman film, and the last in the series to be directed by Tim Burton and to star Michael Keaton as Bruce Wayne/Batman. The departure of Burton and Keaton paved the way for the Joel Schumacher films. It was also the first film to feature Dolby Digital technology when it debuted in the summer of 1992.
- "I was their number one son, but they treated me like number two!"
- ―The Penguin[src]
The story begins 33 years ago at Christmas time in a mansion in Gotham. The wealthy Cobblepots have just given birth to a child - but it is shown that there is something horribly wrong with the child. They soon decide to abandon the child by dropping it into the sewers. As the baby's basket rushes through the sewers, the credits roll, and eventually the child comes to rest at the feet of a group of Emperor Penguins from the zoo.
Thirty-three years later, it is Christmas time again in Gotham, as the ambitious but ruthless business tycoon Max Shreck gives a speech at a treelighting ceremony. However, the speech is soon disrupted by a criminal group of clowns known as the "Red Triangle Circus Gang". Although Batman is summoned and is able to restore order, Shreck is kidnapped amidst the chaos and is brought to their leader, a short, deformed man known as "The Penguin". The Penguin informs Shreck of the reason he has taken him: he wishes to return to the society of Gotham, and he wants Shreck to help him achieve this. Shreck is skeptical, but the Penguin blackmails him with incriminating evidence of his more dubious business practices.
- Batman: “Mistletoe can be deadly if you eat it.”
- Catwoman: “But a kiss can be even deadlier if you mean it.”
- ―Batman and Catwoman[src]
Shreck arranges for the Penguin to "rescue" the mayor's infant child from his own gang members. The plan works, and Penguin becomes a hero to all except Bruce Wayne, who remains skeptical. The Penguin asks to be allowed to find his parents, and is given private access to the Gotham's Hall of Records, where he is seen jotting down an apparently unrelated list of names. He discovers his parents were a wealthy aristocratic couple. Adopting his birth name of Oswald Cobblepot, he publicly forgives his now-dead parents, winning more hearts and minds. Shreck decides to use Oswald's fame to his own advantage, persuading him to run for mayor to remove the final obstacle to building a new power plant. Cobblepot at first isn’t interested and would rather pursue his own plans for Gotham, but is immediately bought into the idea when Shreck mentions he will gain access to his family’s wealth.
During this time, Shreck attempted to murder his timid secretary Selina Kyle when she discovered his "power plant" was in fact a giant capacitor, created to suck power from the city and give the Shreck family a complete monopoly over Gotham's power. She survived her subsequent defenestration at Shreck's hands after her body was circled by a large number of cats, and came back with a more assertive but unstable personality, ostensibly with a cat's nine lives (minus her first "death"). Kyle makes a homemade black vinyl catsuit and becomes a costumed vigilante under the name "Catwoman". During Penguin's efforts to cause chaos through his gang to create dissatisfaction with the current Mayor, Catwoman blows up Shreck's department store. She subsequently fights Batman, who had been neutralizing the Red Triangle Circus earlier, and is apparently killed again in the process when she falls off a roof.
A Plan is Forming
- "Sickos never scare me. At least they're committed."
- ―Selina Kyle[src]
While Selina Kyle is pursued in a romantic relationship with Bruce Wayne, as Catwoman she allies herself with the Penguin to get back at Batman for his killing her, although the two are still unaware of the other's alter-ego's. When the subsequent plan is put into action, Batman is framed for kidnapping and murder and finds himself trapped in the Batmobile under Penguin's control. He barely survives, but Cobblepot has become more popular than ever. Although their plan was a success, Catwoman and Penguin's alliance falls apart when she rebuffs a sexual advance from him, and Penguin opts to kill Catwoman himself. However, his campaign to recall the current mayor is quickly destroyed when Bruce Wayne plays selected comments he stated while controlling the Batmobile. He was recorded insulting the people of Gotham, and this audio is played over the sound system at a rally. Penguin flees into the sewers, renounces his humanity, and reveals his secret plan: kidnap and kill the firstborn sons of Gotham's most prominent by drowing them into the toxic water of his own base, as revenge against what was done to him.
Face to Face
- "You didn't invite me, so I crashed!"
Before this scheme is launched, Bruce Wayne meets Selina Kyle at a dance hosted by Shreck, where she reveals to him her intentions to kill Shreck. The two subsequently discover the other's secret identity, but before they can leave to discuss this development, Penguin storms the hall and tries to take Max's son Chip. Max persuades Penguin to take him instead, and Bruce and Selina depart. Bruce, as Batman, attacks Penguin's Red Triangle Circus goons, and puts a stop to the kidnappings. However, Penguin has a backup plan: an army of rocket-armed penguins dispatched to bomb Gotham. But Batman manages to jam their control signals and turn the birds around so that they attack the base instead. Batman confronts the Penguin and in the end, the hero drops him into the toxic water of his base.
Batman glides through a broken window and discovers Catwoman has come to kill Shreck, which he unsuccessfully attempts to talk her out of as he is trying to bring Shreck to face the police. During this, Shreck draws a gun he took in the confusion and attempts to kill them both. Batman is shot once while Catwoman is hit four times, apparently leaving her with two "lives". She decides to sacrifice her next-to-last life by putting a taser in her mouth and "kissing" Shreck, while also grabbing hold of a large electric generator and pushing Shreck into it, causing a huge explosion. When the smoke clears, Batman searches the rubble for Selina, but all he finds is Shreck's smoldering corpse and Catwoman´s whip. Penguin, barely alive, emerges from the toxic water and grabs for his gun umbrella to kill Batman, but picks up his "cute" one by mistake. He finally falls dead on the floor and is slid gently into the water by the penguins as a final tribute.
- Alfred: “Well, come what may... Merry Christmas, Mr. Wayne.”
- Bruce: “Merry Christmas, Alfred. Good will toward men... and women.”
- ―Alfred and Bruce[src]
Driving through Gotham, Bruce sees Catwoman’s shadow. Investigating, he only finds Selina's pet cat, which he decides to take home. As the bat-signal lights up in the sky, the figure of Catwoman appears looking at the signal from a rooftop.
- Michael Keaton as Batman/Bruce Wayne
- Danny DeVito as The Penguin/Oswald Cobblepot
- Michelle Pfeiffer as Catwoman/Selina Kyle
- Christopher Walken as Max Shreck
- Michael Gough as Alfred Pennyworth
- Pat Hingle as Commissioner James Gordon
- Michael Murphy as Mayor of Gotham City
- Cristi Conaway as The Ice Princess
- Andrew Bryniarski as Chip Shreck
- Vincent Schiavelli as The Organ Grinder
- Anna Katarina as The Poodle Lady
- Tim Burton - Director
- Daniel Waters and Wesley Strick (uncredited - shooting script) - Writers
- Denise Di Novi and Tim Burton - Producers
- Benjamin Melniker, Michael Uslan, Jon Peters, and Peter Guber - Executive Producers
- Larry Franco - Co-Producer
- Danny Elfman - Composer
- Chris Lebenzon - Editor
- Stefan Czapsky - Cinematographer
- Bo Welch - Production Designer
- Bob Ringwood and Mary Vogt - Costume Designers
- Zade Rosenthal and Michael Tighe - Still Photographers
- Jack Pedota - One-sheet Photographer
- Marion Dougherty - Casting
- Terry Semel, Bob Daly and Mark Canton - Executive Oversight at Warner Bros.
- Batman/Bruce Wayne
- The Penguin/Oswald Cobblepot
- Catwoman/Selina Kyle
- Max Shreck
- Alfred Pennyworth
- Commissioner James Gordon
- Mayor Roscoe Jenkins
- Tucker Cobblepot
- Esther Cobblepot
- Chip Shreck
- The Ice Princess
- The Organ Grinder
- The Poodle Lady
- The Sword Swallower
- The Tattooed Strongman
- The Acrobatic Thug
- The Knifethrower Dame
- The Fat Clown
- The Thin Clown
- The Terrifying Clown
- The Devil Fire Breather
- The Snake Lady
- Rocket Launcher Clown
- Nunchaku Clown
- Dagger Clown
- Wilhelm Scream Red Triangle Gang Thug
- Catwoman's Mugger
- Victim of Catwoman's Mugger
- Mrs. Jenkins
- Baby Jenkins
- Cobblepot Campaign Volunteer
- Cobblepots' Doctor
- Mrs. Kyle
- Selina Kyle's ex-boyfriend
- Fred Atkins
- Sister Mary Maragret
- Betsy Riley
- Ricky Friedburg
- Vicki Vale (mentioned only)
- The Penguin's Duck Car
- Red Triangle Circus motorcycle
- Red Triangle Circus Train
- Gotham City Police Cars
- Volkswagen Fox
- Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith
- Winnebago Brave
- Gotham City
- Wayne Manor
- Cobblepot Manor
- Old Zoo
- Selina Kyle's apartment
- Hall of Records
- Gotham Plaza
- Ocean City (mentioned only)
After the success of Batman, Warner Bros. was hoping for a sequel to start filming in May 1990 at Pinewood Studios. They spent $250,000 storing the sets from the first film. Tim Burton had mixed emotions from the previous film. "I will return if the sequel offers something new and exciting", he said in 1989. "Otherwise it's a most-dumbfounded idea". Burton decided to direct Edward Scissorhands for 20th Century Fox. Warner Bros. then granted Burton more creative control, demoting producers Jon Peters and Peter Guber to executive producers. Part of Burton's contract specifically stipulated that Peters could not set foot on set and interfere during filming like the previous film. Meanwhile, Sam Hamm from the previous film delivered the first two drafts of the script, which had Penguin and Catwoman going after hidden treasure in the bat cave. Vicki Vale and Dick Grayson were featured heavily in this story. During this time the studio was pushing for Robin's inclusion once again. WB began to pressure their subsidiary DC Comics to redesign the character, according to Neal Adams. This resulted in the creation of a new costume for Tim Drake, whom had been named after Tim Burton. In a radical departure, Robin was given green slacks instead of bare legs, the outside of the cape was turned black and "ninja shoes" replaced the green pixie boots.
Dissatisfied with the Hamm script, Burton selected Daniel Waters to write a completely new story and characterizations. Burton was impressed with Waters' work on Heathers; whom originally brought aboard on a sequel to Beetlejuice.
Waters wrote a total of five drafts. Waters "came up with a social satire that had an evil mogul backing a bid for the Mayor's office by the Penguin", Waters reported. "I wanted to show that the true villains of our world don't necessarily wear costumes". The plot device of Penguin running for Mayor came from the 1960s television series episodes "Hizzoner the Penguin" and "Dizzoner the Penguin". Waters wrote a total of five drafts. On the characterization of Catwoman, Waters explained "Sam Hamm went back to the way comic books in general treat women, like fetishy sexual fantasy. I wanted to start off just at the lowest point in society, a very beaten down secretary". Harvey Dent appeared in early drafts of the script, but was deleted. Waters quoted, "Sam Hamm definitely planned that. I flirted with it, having Harvey start to come back and have one scene of him where he flips a coin and it's the good side of the coin, deciding not to do anything, so you had to wait for the next movie". In early scripts Max Shreck was the "golden boy" of the Cobblepot family, whereas Penguin was the deformed outsider. It turned out that Shreck would be the Penguin's long-lost brother. Max Shreck was also a reference to actor Max Schreck, known for his role as Count Orlok in Nosferatu.
Burton hired Wesley Strick to rework the script and continued as the film's on-set writer during filming. Strick recalled, "When I was hired to write Batman Returns (Batman II at the time), the big problem of the script was Penguin's lack of a 'master plan'." Warner Bros. presented Strick with warming or freezing Gotham City (later to be used in Batman & Robin). Strick gained inspiration from a Moses parallel that had Penguin killing the firstborn sons of Gotham. A similar notion was used when the Penguin's parents threw him into a river as a baby. A version Robin appeared in the script at the studios behest, but was deleted due to too many characters. "One thing Tim and I have in common on is that we don't like the guy and don't know why he was invented. He certainly doesn't fit with this new version of Batman." Waters went on to say Robin is "the most worthless character in the world, especially with [Batman as] the loner of loners". Robin started out as a juvenile gang leader, who becomes an ally to Batman. Robin was later changed to a teenage garage mechanic, referred to as "the kid." Waters explained, "He's wearing this old-fashioned garage mechanic uniform and it has an 'R' on it. He drives the Batmobile, which I notice they used in the third film!".
Michael Keaton returned after a significant increase in his salary at $10 million, after some negotiation. Danny DeVito's casting was preordained by the studio, as was Jack Nicholson in the first movie. Waters wrote the initial dialogue for the character with him in mind.
Annette Bening was cast as Catwoman after Burton saw her performance in The Grifters, but dropped out due to pregnancy. Raquel Welch, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Lena Olin, Ellen Barkin, Cher, Bridget Fonda and Susan Sarandon were then in competition for the role. Sean Young, who was originally cast as Vicki Vale in the first film, believed the role should have gone to her. Young visited production offices dressed in a homemade Catwoman costume, demanding an audition. Burton was unfamiliar with Michelle Pfeiffer's work, but was convinced to cast her after one meeting. Pfeiffer received a $3 million salary ($2 million more than Bening) and a percentage of the box office. Pfeiffer took kickboxing and whip lessons for the role. David Bowie was offered the role of Max Shreck, but turned it down to appear in the Twin Peaks movie. According to casting director Marion Dougherty, Burton was reportedly uncomfortable with casting Christopher Walken as Shreck, on the basis that the actor scared him. Cristi Conaway and Andrew Bryniarski were announced to appear in the film on Entertainment Tonight. A then unknown Marlon Wayans was cast as "the kid", and signed for a sequel. Dave Lea retuned as Keaton's fight double, while kickboxing champion Kathy Long served as Pfeiffer's fight double and trainer.
Tim Burton selected little known photographer Jack Pedota for the movies one-sheets after seeing a sample of his work gifted to him with a delivery of food. Pedota employed a color infra-red film technique, to produce vibrant and unusual colors, a kind of self-described "avantography." The posters were wildly popular, to the point where they being stolen from the cases they were displayed in on the streets. Burton remarked "We just thought, why doesn't he shoot our poster? It's so nice when this happens. There are so many Catch-22's in Hollywood. You can't do this, you can't do that. It's really nice when something is simple and clear and cuts through. It makes it kind of worthwhile."
The soundtrack also includes single music tie-in, "Face to Face", written by Siouxsie and the Banshees and Danny Elfman, used to promote the movie prior to its release. Two versions of the music video were made (the other added shots from the movie), and a club version, remixed by 808 State, was released. The video bares a strong resemblance to Pedota's avantography. Burton was originally going to direct the video himself but got caught in reshoots for the movies alternate ending.
Box Office Performance
Although the film was profitable, it earned significantly less than its predecessor.
Although reviews were mixed, the film was a box office success and was the third highest grossing 1992 movie in North America. Many lauded the film's dark atmosphere and intense characters; the film has a freshness rating of 81% on Rotten Tomatoes, which is considered "fresh". However, some others found the film to be overly dark and sadistic and criticized it as inappropriate for children; McDonald's marketing tie-ins, including special cups and Happy Meal toys, were protested by parents' groups because they thought that Danny DeVito's Penguin portrayal would give children nightmares. However, the filmmakers intended that the film was not suitable for children, which is a probable reason why Batman Returns, like most Batman films, was rated PG-13 by the Motion Picture Association of America.
In addition to criticisms of the film's tone and demeanor, some found Burton's interpretation of the central characters problematic, arguing that the Penguin's physical deformity and homicidal tendencies, Catwoman's degenerative mental state, and Batman's brooding melancholy, as well as his tendency to kill criminals, simply added to the somber and unsettling nature of the film.
The initially negative reaction to Batman Returns, however, prompted Terry Semel and Bob Daly to re-think their approach to the franchise, and the series was handed to director Joel Schumacher, who adopted a much more lighthearted and camp approach to the characters.
Awards and Nominations
- Batman Returns was nominated for two Academy Awards for Best makeup, and Best Visual Effects.
Most trimmings on Returns consist of alternate or extended takes with different dialogue.
- The Red Triangle gang's attack on Gotham Plaza was trimmed to keep the rating down. More shots of innocents being injured such as being set on fire were removed.
- After Selina shocks the clown with his stun gun, she exclaims "Electroshock therapy, what a bargain!"
- When Bruce arrives at Shreck's office, the broken window he pushed Selina out of is discussed. Shreck suggests the circus gang threw a brick through the window after hours, but Bruce points out there is no broken glass on the floor.
Originally Catwoman's fate was left more ambiguous, some drafts flat out had her die with Shreck. A dialogue between the Mayor and Commissioner Gordon about misjudging Batman was shown before panning up to the batsiginal and the city lights blinking on and off from Shreck's death at the generator. At the last second the studio wanted the final shot to confirm to the audience that Catwoman had survived.
Batman Returns was released on VHS and Laserdisc in October 1992.
The film was first released to DVD five years later in 1997, shortly after the format debuted; it was a bare-bones, single disc release featuring the ability to watch the film either in widescreen or in fullscreen but not featuring any bonus materials.
To coincide with the release of Batman Begins on DVD in 2005, Warner Brothers decided to give all four of the original Batman films new DVD treatments and special edition versions of all four films were created. The special edition DVDs feature newly restored audio and video, a re-mastered Dolby Digital audio track, a new DTS audio track and a second disc filled with bonus materials. Each title is available both individually and as part of a pack featuring the special editions of all four films in the franchise. The Region 2 DVD is missing the director's audio commentary although it is listed on the box as a special feature, and is also censored. Although it restores the nunchaku sequence which was cut from the original Region 2 release, the scene in which Catwoman places aerosol cans in the microwave remains cut. The DVD also suffers from a very noticeable audio glitch. Although, in the Swedish and Bulgarian Region 2 DVD, the directors commentary is included, as is the scene with the aerosol cans. The audio glitch is also missing.
- Batman Returns received a lot of controversy for being too dark and received a PG-13 rating for brooding, dark violence by the MPAA. Like the first film the BBFC gave the film an original 12 rating but later re-rated it to a 15 rating.
- Max Shreck is a new character of the Batman franchise created in this movie. Originally, Harvey Dent would be played Shreck's role, and in the moment in that Catwoman electrocuted him, Dent would be survived, but his face was deformed by being electrocuted, and so would become Two-Face for the next film.
- Robin was again dropped from inclusion in the sequel. The character was featured heavily in Sam Hamm's script. His role gradually became smaller in the Waters drafts, till finally being removed completely by the time Strick took over. However, despite Robin's exclusion from the movie, an action figure of Robin was still released by Kenner, fearing the Neal Adams costume redesign. This costume was also used in Batman: The Animated Series released in the fall of the same year.
- Bruce Timm was invited to the set to sketch Danny DeVito and draw inspiration. According with the producers of the series, Shreck was planned to appear in the show at the studios behest, but at the last minute it was decided to reimagine the character as Roland Daggett.
- Burgess Meredith, who played the Penguin in the Batman 1960s series was considered for the role of Tucker Cobblepot. However, due to poor health, Meredith was forced to reject the offer, and Paul Reubens was hired for the role. Meredith later died from melanoma and Alzheimer's disease in 1997. Reubens returned to play the Penguin's father years later in the TV series Gotham.
- "Things change."
- "Touring the riot scene. Gravely assessing the devastation. Upstanding mayor stuff. "
- "Life's a bitch, now so am I."
- "Imagine a Gotham City of the future lit up like a blanket of stars... but blinking on and off, embarrassingly low on juice. Frankly I cringe, Mr. Mayor."
- ―Max Shreck[src]
- "Mayors come and go. Blue bloods tire easy. You think you can go fifteen rounds with Muhammed Shreck? "
- ―Max Shreck[src]
- ↑ Neal Adams: Renaissance Man Part IV, by Rik Offenberger, via WayBack Machine - ComicsBulletin.com
- ↑ DC Comics Year By Year: A Visual Chronicle DK Books isbn:978-0-7566-6742-9, page 241
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Tom Ardnt (1992-08-19). "The Bat is Back!", Fantazone. Retrieved on 2007-03-122007-03-12.
- ↑ Say Cheese! -People magazine July 1992
- ↑ The Talk of Hollywood; An Ending That's Not Happily Ever After - New York Times
|Burton/Schumacher Film Series|
|Films: Batman • Batman Returns • Batman Forever • Batman & Robin|